Higher Education in India


Education is compulsory for every person who would like to succeed in any area of life. Primary education until the age of 14 years is mandatory and free in India and is looked after by the government. However, with regards to college education, the trend of privatization is sadly noted in India. The most substantial disadvantage resulting from privatization of education is a rise in the fees as a consequence of which majority of the pupils who’re interested in continuing their studies are forced to quit because they can’t bear the expenses.

The question that arises is that why can’t the government provide free college education? We’re all aware to the fact that any individual that only had his primary school education isn’t eligible for earning the bare minimum that’s required for her or his survival. Though many people don’t accept this bitter truth, the fact remains. If we take a close look at the statistics of developing nations, we’ll see that India as a developing country lacks far behind with regards to analyzing the ration of individuals with a college education as when compared to the other developing nations. The proportion of the University and College going students is 6% in India while the figure is 20% in Egypt and Thailand, ten percent in Turkey, 11% in Brazil, and 16% in Mexico.

On the other hand, in developed countries, the ratio of the pupils opting for a college education is nearly 40%. The most crucial issue is the lack of adequate funds in college education. Unlike the school sector, where access is almost universal, the gross enrolment ratio in college education is 24.5 meaning out of every 100 youths eligible for college education, less than 25 are pursuing higher education. While the desired levels of research and internationalization of Indian campuses remain weak points, Indian college education also suffers from acute lack of funds and its mostly linear model with very little concentration on specialization. Both experts and academics feel that Indian college education is tilted towards social sciences. Only 1.7% of colleges run Ph.D. programmes, and a mere 33% of colleges run postgraduate level programmes. On the regulatory front too, the country has a poor record with both the University Grants Commission and All India Council for Technical Education being seen more as controllers of education than facilitators. If India wants to progress and establish itself as a developed nation, educating young people is the key to open this door.


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