Unity in Diversity in India


Though the seventh largest country in India in terms of physical space, India has always been a vast area opened for all those that have wanted to take refuge in her land. The welcoming attitude of this nation has given it the distinctive characteristic of being a country with individuals following several religions and faiths. The central beliefs followed within the country are Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, and Sikhism. Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, and Judaism are the other religions that progressively emerged and strengthened their roots in India. People following Hinduism worship three main divinities that form a trinity, Lord Brahma who’s the creator, Lord Vishnu who’s the savior and Lord Shiva, the destroyer.

Hindus believe in Karma, reincarnations, salvation and idol worship. Only around 14 percent of people in India are followers of Islam. Islam has its roots in the Middle East, and the religion spread to India and also to other locations as a consequence of Invasions from Turkey, Yemen, and Afghanistan since the 11th Century. The primary Muslim festivals celebrated in India are Id-i Milad, Bakri-Id, Shab-i Barat and Muharram. Around 2.3 percent of the Indian population are followers of Christianity. The religion originated two thousand years ago in Israel or Palestine.

Christians worship Jesus in Churches plus they follow their holy book, Bible. Two-hundredths of the Indian population follow Sikhism. The religion was founded from Guru Nanak Dev Ji, and it flourished under the guidance of the ten gurus that followed the lineage. The Sikhism teachings say that there should not be any discrimination between individuals based on caste, creed, sex, race or religion. They follow the teachings of Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs and worshiping him in the Gurudwara. Jainism has its roots in India. The religion originated in around 500 BC, founded by the 24th Jain Tirthankar or prophet, Lord Mahavira.

Jains worship the prophets of the religion as Gods and follow their teachings which includes following of nonviolence or Ahimsa to attain salvation. The belief is divided into two sects the Digambars and the Shwetambars. The main Jain pilgrimage places in India are Dilwara temple in Rajasthan, Palitana temples in Gujarat and Sonagiri temple in Madhya Pradesh. Buddhism is another religion that originated in India as a system of ethical teachings and guidelines of conduct. Buddhism is widely followed in north and northeastern portions of India like Ladakh, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Arunachal Pradesh. The place of worship is known as a monastery or Gompa. Zoroastrianism is a religion which was founded in Persia in around sixth Century BC and its followers are known as Parsis.


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