The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international prizes awarded in several categories by Scandinavian commissions in recognition of cultural and/or scientific advances. The will of the Swedish philanthropic inventor Alfred Nobel established the awards in 1895. The Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway, while the other prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden. The Nobel Prize is available in the fields of literature, medicine, physics, chemistry, peace, and economics. Each recipient, or laureate, receives a gold medal, a diploma, and a sum of cash which is decided by Nobel Foundation yearly. Following are a few Nobel prize winners from India:
1) Rabindranath Tagore – Rabindranath Tagore is well known the world over for his Noble Prize in Literature in 1913 for his spiritual, poetic renditions in the Gitanjali. He wrote beautiful stories that captured the heart and soul of different characters and landscapes. In addition to being a poet and writer of great eminence, he was an educator par excellence. He established Shantiniketan and Viswa Bharathi University which were testimonies to his deep concern and vision about what education should genuinely reflect. While growing up, Rabindranath Tagore felt very disillusioned with the rote way he learned and teaching that he felt squelched his creativity and imagination.
2) C. V.Raman – Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1930 for his work on the dispersion of light and the discovery of the effect named after him. A traditionally dressed man, he headed an institute that’s today named after him: the Raman Research Institute, Bangalore.
3) Har Gobind Khorana – Har Gobind Khorana shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1968 for his interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis. He continued to head a laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the US, till his death in the year 2011.
4) Mother Teresa – Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize nineteen seventy-nine in recognition of her work in bringing help to suffering humanity. Mother Teresa was born in Skopje, then a town in Ottoman Empire. She was an Ancient Rome Catholic nun of Albanian origin and Indian citizenship. She founded the international order of The Missionaries of Charity. The main task was to love and care for all those persons nobody was willing to look after. For many years in the slums of Kolkata, her work centered on caring for the poor and suffering, among whom she died.
5) Kailash Satyarthy – “For his struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.”