Subhash Chandra Bose


The struggle for Indian independence was carried on by Subhash Chandra Bose outside the borders of India. Indians were fighting hard to free their motherland from outside. Subhash Chandra was one of the most important among the nationalist leaders of India, brave and youthful he possessed excellent organizing capability. Born on January 23, 1897, at Cuttack town to a pleader father Subhash Chandra was selected in The Indian Civil Service following a brilliant academic career.

After leaving the service, Subhash entered the noncooperation Movement, but wasn’t satisfied with the principle of nonviolence of Gandhiji and supported Motilal and C.R. Das in the venture of organizing the Swarajist party. Bose was appointed the Chief Executive officer of Calcutta by C.R. Das, the Mayor of Calcutta. The regular activities of Subhash invited the dissatisfaction of the Government and were deported to Mandalay. Subhash represented the young and extremist elements in Congress.

He was elected as the President of the Congress in 1938 and again in 1939. He couldn’t make any compromise with Gandhi and therefore resigned his Presidentship and organized the famous Forward Block. During the Second World War, he was put under house arrest in his ancestral home on Elgin Road, Calcutta, but escaped and reached Japan. In a romantic and daring journey changing the name and looking different, he continued from there to Moscow and lastly reached Berlin in March 1941. The German dictator Adolf Hitler didn’t like to help him for the leading cause of Indian independence. In Germany, the Indian community greeted him as Netaji and greeted him with the slogan Jai Hind.


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