India has doubled in size in just forty years and is likely to oust China as the world’s most populated country in the next couple of decades. Overall, there are more than 50 urban areas in India with a population of one or more million people. Mumbai had an official population of 12, 478, 447 in the year 2011, even though its wider metropolitan area is much larger – home to 18, 414, 288 people. In the 1971 census, its population was registered as 5.9 million. Delhi, India’s second most populous city, was home to 11, 034, 555 people according to 2011 data, and it’s metro area contains 21, 753, 486 people.
Growth in Delhi is even faster than Mumbai’s, and it’s likely that it’ll overtake Mumbai to become the largest city in India in terms of population within a decade. Delhi has struggled to keep up with growth. Almost 50% of its residents live in slums, and the city’s poverty rate is four times the national average. Contained within Delhi’s boundaries is the city of New Delhi, an enclave city which is the official capital city of India. There are 53 cities in India with a population of at least one million. There are 29 states in India. Their communities range enormously in size and the largest, Uttar Pradesh, contains nearly 200 million people, the smallest, Sikkim, just over half a million.
India’s largest state is Uttar Pradesh which, with a population of 199, 581, 520 in the year 2011, is more significant than most nations in the world. The smallest state in India is Sikkim. Data on ethnicity isn’t collected by the Indian census, even though the CIA World Factbook estimates the population is 72% Indo Aryan, 25% Dravidian, and 3% Mongoloid along with other. Hinduism is the most typical religion in India, accounting for 80% of people. Other major religious groups in India are Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Jains. Individuals who claimed no religion are officially recorded under other by the census.
The literacy rate in India varies wildly by state. Bihar is at the bottom of the list with a rate of 63.82%. The population of India uses several languages to converse throughout the county. These languages include English, Hindi, and Tamil along with lots of additional languages and dialects, however, the former two languages are the official languages of the Indian Government. Besides, 44% of people use Hindi as their mother tongue. The current ranking of India’s quality of life’s is 49 out of 66, giving it a quality of life index of 121.61. The healthcare ratio is 68.04, and living costs index is 23.81. The 2011 census was the second largest ever – second only to China’s census in 2010. The first phase, in Apr 2010, counted all the buildings in India, and the second phase collected data about the people of India. The census was an enormous exercise, employing millions of Indians.