The Himalayas are great hill system of Asia forming an obstacle between the Plateau of Tibet to the north and the alluvial plains of the Indian subcontinent to the south. The Mountain range includes the most magnificent mountains on the planet, with more than 110 peaks climbing to altitudes of 24,000 feet (7,300 meters) or more over water level. One of those peaks is Mount Everest, the globe’s highest, with an elevation of 29,035 feet (8,850 meters)The mountains’ lofty heights rise into the area of continuous snow.
For hundreds of years, the Himalayas have held a great relevance for the peoples of South Asia, as their literary works, mythologies, and also faiths mirror. During ancient times, the enormous glaciated elevations actually attracted the interest of the explorer mountaineers of India, who created the Sanskrit name Himalaya– from hima (“snow”) and also Alaya (“house”)– for that incredible mountain system. In contemporary times the Himalayas have supplied the greatest attraction as well as the best difficulty to mountaineers throughout the world.
The varieties, which develop the northern border of the Indian subcontinent and a nearly blockaded obstacle between it and also the lands to the north, become part of a huge mountain belt that extends halfway worldwide from North Africa to the Pacific Sea coastline of Southeast Asia. The Himalayas themselves extend consecutively for about 1,550 miles (2,500 km) from west to eastern between Nanga Parbat (26,660 feet [8,126 meters], in the Pakistani-administered portion of the Kashmir region, and Namjagbarwa (Namcha Barwa) Peak (25,445 feet [7,756 meters], in the Tibet Autonomous Area of China. In between those western and also eastern extremities exist the two Himalayan countries of Nepal and Bhutan. The Himalayas are surrounded to the northwest by the mountain ranges of the Hindu Kush and also the Karakoram and to the north by the high and also vast Plateau of Tibet. The width of the Himalayas from south to north varies between 125 and 250 miles (200 as well as 400 kilometers). Their total location amounts to concerning 230,000 square miles (595,000 square kilometers).
Though India, Nepal, and also Bhutan have sovereignty over a lot of the Himalayas, Pakistan, as well as China, also inhabit components of them. In the challenged Kashmir region, Pakistan has administrative control of some 32,400 square miles (83,900 square kilometers) of the array existing north as well as west of the “line of control” developed between India and Pakistan in 1972. China provides some 14,000 square miles (36,000 square km) in the Ladakh area of Kashmir and has asserted area at the eastern end of the Himalayas within the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. Those disputes highlight the limit issues faced by India as well as its neighbors in the Himalayan region.