Maulana Abul Kalam Azad


Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the most significant freedom activists during India’s freedom struggle. He was likewise an author, poet, and reporter. He was a prominent politician of the Indian National Congress and was elected as Congress President in 1923 as well as 1940. In spite of being a Muslim, Azad commonly stood versus the radicalizing policies of various other noticeable Muslims leaders like Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was the first education minister of independent India. He was posthumously granted ‘Bharat Ratna,’ India’s highest civilian honor, in 1992.

In Egypt, Azad entered into call with the followers of Mustafa Kemal Pasha who were releasing a weekly from Cairo. In Turkey, Maulana Azad satisfied the leaders of the Youthful Turks Motion. After he went back to India from a considerable stay at Egypt, Turkey, Syria as well as France, Azad met famous Hindu revolutionaries Sri Aurobindo Ghosh and Shyam Sundar Chakraborty. They assisted in developing radical political views, and he started to take part in the Indian nationalist movement. Azad fiercely criticized the Muslim political leaders that were more likely in the direction of the public issues without focusing on the national interest. He additionally rejected the theories of common separatism supported by the All India Muslim League.

Azad, inspired by the interest of Indian as well as innovative international leaders, started releasing a regular called “Al-Hilal” in 1912. The weekly was a platform to strike the plans of the British Government and also highlight the troubles encountered by the usual Indians. The paper came to be so prominent that its numbers went up to 26,000 copies. The one-of-a-kind message of nationalism, as well as of nationalism blended with religious dedication, obtained its approval among the masses. But this growth disturbed the British Government and in 1914; the British Government placed a restriction on the weekly. Unfazed by the step, Maulana Azad, a couple of months later, released a new weekly, called “Al-Balagh.” Fallen short of placing a prohibition on the works of Maulana Azad, the British Federal government then lastly decided to deport him off Calcutta in 1916. When Maulana Azad got to Bihar, he was arrested as well as put under home arrest. This apprehension proceeded till December 31, 1919. After his release on January 1, 1920, Azad went back to the political ambiance as well as actively participated in the movement. As a matter of fact, he continued to write provocative posts against the British Government.

As a protestor requiring the reinstatement of the Caliph in Istanbul, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad came onboard with the Khilafat movement throughout 1920. He promoted the principles of the non-cooperation motion and while doing so happened to be drawn to Gandhi as well as his viewpoint. Although initially skeptical of Gandhi’s proposition to launch an increased drive versus the British Raj requiring freedom, he, later on, joined the efforts. He traveled around the nation, providing speeches and leading different programs of the movement. He worked closely with Vallabhbhai Patel and also Dr. Rajendra Prasad. On August 9, 1942, Maulana Azad was apprehended in addition to a lot of the Congress leadership. Their incarceration lasted for four years and also they were released in 1946. During that time, the idea of an independent India had actually solidified and also Maulana headed the Constituent Assembly elections within Congress in addition to leading the settlements with the British Cabinet mission to review the terms of independence. He emphatically opposed the idea of partition based on religion as well as was deeply hurt when the suggestion moved forward to contribute to the rise of Pakistan


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