Overview of Indian Economy


India has emerged as the fastest-growing major economy in the world and is anticipated to be one of the leading three economic powers of the world in the next 10-15 years, backed by its stable democracy and also collaborations. India’s GDP is approximated to have raised 7.2 percent in 2017-18 and 7 percent in 2018-19. India has retained its place as the 3rd largest startup base in the world with over 4,750 modern technology startups.

India’s workforce is anticipated to touch 160-170 million by 2020, based upon the rate of population growth, boosting labor force participation, and also higher education enrolment, among other aspects, according to a research study by ASSOCHAM as well as Thought Arbitrage Research Institute. India’s foreign exchange reserves were US$ 426 billion in the week up to June 28, 2019, according to information from the RBI.

With the improvement in the financial sector, there have been numerous financial investments in various industries of the country. The M&A task in India got to US$ 129.4 billion in 2018, whereas private equity (PE) and venture capital (VC) investments reached US$ 20.5 billion. A few of the remarkable recent developments in the Indian economic situation are as follows:

1. Throughout 2018-19 (approximately February 2019), product exports from India have raised 8.85 percent year-over-year to US$ 298.47 billion, whereas services exports have grown 8.54 percent year-on-year to US$ 185.51 billion.
2. Nikkei India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) attained a 14-month high in February 2019 and stood at 54.3.
3. Net direct tax collection for 2018-19 had gone to Rs 10 trillion (US$ 144.57 billion) by March 16, 2019, while goods and services tax (GST) collection stood at Rs 10.70 trillion (US$ 154.69 billion) as of February 2019.
4. Earnings via Initial Public Offers (IPO) in India got to US$ 5.5 billion in 2018 as well as US$ 0.9 billion in Q1 2018-19.
5. India’s Foreign Direct Financial investment (FDI) equity influx reached US$ 409.15 billion between April 2000 and December 2018, with most significant contribution from services, computer software and equipment, telecoms, construction, trading and also cars.
6. India’s Index of Industrial Production (IIP) increased 4.4 percent year-on-year in 2018-19 (approximately January 2019).
7. Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation reached 2.57 percent in February 2019.
8. Internet employment generation in the country got to a 17-month high in January 2019.

The acting Union Budget for 2019-20 was revealed by Mr. Piyush Goyal, Union Minister for Finance, Corporate Matters, Railways as well as Coal, Federal Government of India, in Parliament on February 01, 2019. It focuses on supporting the clingy farmers, economically less blessed, workers in the unorganised market and salaried workers while proceeding the Federal government of India’s press towards far better physical as well as social infrastructure. Total expenditure for 2019-20 is allocated at Rs 2,784,200 crore (US$ 391.53 billion), a rise of 13.30 percent from 2018-19 (changed price quotes).

Numerous foreign firms are setting up their centers in India. Mr. Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India, has actually released the Make in India initiative with an aim to improve the manufacturing field of Indian economic climate, to boost the buying power of an ordinary Indian consumer, which would enhance demand even more, as well as spur development, along with benefiting capitalists. The Government of India, under the Make in India campaign, is attempting to increase the contribution made by the manufacturing industry and intends to take it to approximately 25 percent of the GDP from the present 17 percent. Besides, the Central government has come up with the Digital India campaign, which concentrates on three core parts: the creation of electronic infrastructure, delivering solutions digitally as well as to raise digital literacy.

India’s GDP is expected to get to US$ 6 trillion by FY27 and achieve upper-middle income status on the back of digitization, globalization, excellent demographics, as well as reforms. India’s income receipts are estimated to touch Rs 28-30 trillion (US$ 385-412 billion) by 2019, owing to Government of India’s measures to enhance facilities as well as reforms like demonetization and Goods and Services Tax (GST). India is additionally focusing on sustainable resources to create energy. It is planning to attain 40 percent of its energy requirements from non-fossil resources by 2030, which is presently 30 percent and also have strategies to enhance its renewable resource capability to 175 GW by 2022. India is anticipated to be the third-largest consumer economic market as its consumption may triple to US$ 4 trillion by 2025, owing to change in customer practices as well as expense pattern, according to a Boston Consulting Group (BCG) report; and is expected to surpass U.S.A. to end up being the 2nd largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP) by the year 2040, according to a report by PricewaterhouseCoopers.


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