Sarojini Naidu

By -- ♪Karthik♫ ♪Nadar♫ -, Public Domain,

Sarojini Naidu was an Indian self-reliance activist, poet as well as political leader. A prominent orator and acclaimed poet, she is typically known by the moniker ‘The Nightingale of India.’ As a child, Naidu composed the play “Maher Muneer,” which earned her a scholarship to study abroad. She ended up being the 2nd woman president of the Indian National Congress. She was the very first female Governor of an Indian state after independence. Her collection of poems gained her literary recognition. In 1905, she released her first book, a group of poems, under the title of “Golden Threshold.”

Sarojini was initiated right into the Indian political field by legendary stalwarts of the Indian independence battle, Gopal Krishna Gokhale and also Gandhi. She was deeply influenced by the partition of Bengal in 1905 and took the decision to join the Indian freedom struggle. She met consistently with Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who subsequently presented her to the various other leaders of the Indian freedom movement. Gokhale requested her to commit her intellect as well as education and learning for the cause. She took a respite from writing and also dedicated herself totally to the political cause.

She met Jawaharlal Nehru in 1916, supported him for the cause of frustrating conditions of the Indigo employees of Champaran in the western district of Bihar and also battled emphatically with the British for their civil liberties. Sarojini Naidu took a trip all over India and supplied speeches on the well-being of young people, the dignity of labor, ladies’ emancipation, and nationalism. In 1917, she assisted in finding the Women’s India Association with Annie Besant as well as other famous leaders.

Sarojini Naidu consistently adhered to Gandhi’s example as well as actively supported his other campaigns like the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms, the Khilafat problem, the Sabarmati Pact, the Satyagraha Pledge as well as the Civil Disobedience Movement. When Gandhi was arrested after the Salt March to Dandi in 1930, she led the Dharasana Satyagraha with various other leaders. She came with Gandhi to London to participate in the Round Table Talks with the British Federal government in 1931.

As an outcome of her generous contribution to the cause of freedom, she was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1925. Naidu played a tremendous role in offering the subtleties of the Indian non-violent battle for liberty to the world. She traveled to Europe and even to the United States to disseminate Gandhian concepts and was partly responsible for developing him as a symbol of peace. After the independence of India, she became the first governor of the United Provinces (currently Uttar Pradesh) and remained in the position till her death in 1949. Her birthday, March 2, is honored as Women’s Day in India.


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