The President of India is the chief of the executive, legislature and also judiciary of the nation. Article 52 of the Constitution of India affirms that there must be a President of India. Article 53 states that he shall exercise all the executive powers of the Union either directly or with officers subordinate to him. Ram Nath Kovind is the present and 14th Head of state of India. Kovind took charge on 25 July 2017 after winning the 2017 presidential election. He is the second Dalit to come to be the Head of state of India.
Article 54 of the Indian Constitution talks about the political election of the President. It states that the Head of state will be chosen by the members of an electoral college, which consists of the elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and also the Legislative Assemblies of the States as well as both Union Territories, particularly Delhi and also Puducherry. The election of the President is done in accordance with a system of proportional representation through a single transferable ballot. He can be re-elected to the office of the President. The oath of the President is presented by the Chief Justice of India, and if he is not available, by the most senior judge of the Supreme court.
Article 58 of the Indian Constitution states that the presidential candidate has to be a citizen of India, must have completed the age of thirty-five years, be qualified for political elections as a member of the Lok Sabha, and also not hold any office of profit under the Union or any kind of State federal government, or any kind of local or other authority.
Article 56 of the Indian Constitution states that the President shall hold office for a term of five years from the date he occupies his office. He might resign from his office by writing his resignation to the Vice-President of India. But, he will certainly remain to hold his office, despite tendering his resignation, till his successor takes up his workplace. And, before his office gets vacated, a political election needs to be held for the same.
Article 61 explains the process in which he can be impeached on the violation of the Constitution. The Vice-President works as his alternative in the instance of his workplace falling vacant on the grounds of his fatality, resignation, or Impeachment or otherwise. Such a vacancy must be filled by a political election necessarily taking place within six months of his office falling vacant.
The President of India can be removed from his workplace before his term ends through Impeachment. The Impeachment can be done if the Constitution of India is violated by the President and this can be initiated in either of the two houses of Parliament. A two-thirds majority is needed to pass the resolution in the House. Afterward, a notification signed by a quarter of the House and containing the charges is sent out to the President. After two weeks, the charges are taken into consideration by the other House, and in the meanwhile, the President can defend himself. If the allegations are accepted by the second House additionally, the President is stated to have been impeached. He has to leave his office.
All the executive powers of the Union are vested in him. These powers ought to be exercised by him based on the Constitution of India. He selects the Prime Minister as well as the Council of Ministers. He additionally appoints the judges of the Supreme Court and also the High Courts in the states, besides designating the Attorney General as well as Comptroller and Auditor General of India. To name a few vital powers, he enjoys the pardoning power, wherein he can pardon the death sentence granted to a convict.
He can dissolve the Lok Sabha and finish a session of the Parliament. He can likewise speak to the Parliament in its initial session every year. He can also nominate 12 members to the Rajya Sabha. These members should have extraordinary accomplishments in the fields of science, art, literary works as well as social welfare. He can likewise nominate two members from the Anglo-Indian Community to the Lok Sabha. When a bill is passed by the Parliament, the President can offer or withhold his assent to it. He can also return it to the Parliament but he cannot do so if it’s a Money Bill or a Constitutional Amendment Bill.
He can proclaim nationwide, state, and also economic emergency. A national emergency can be declared on the grounds of battle, exterior aggression or armed disobedience in the country. This is done on the written request of the Council of Ministers after the proclamation has actually been approved by the Parliament. State emergency can be declared in a state if it is unsuccessful in running constitutionally. A financial crisis can be declared if there is a possibility of the monetary instability in the country.
Only on the recommendation of the President can a money bill be presented in the Parliament. He presents the Union budget before the Parliament and makes advances out of the Contingency Fund.
He appoints ambassadors and also high commissioners to various other nations. All international treaties are signed on his behalf. Under Armed forces powers, he can proclaim war as well as conclude peace. He appoints the chief of Military, Navy and also Air Force. He can dismiss judges if a two-third majority of the members existing of both houses of the Parliament pass the resolution to that effect.