One of the stalwarts of India’s independence movement, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, likewise called Lokmanya Tilak took birth in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra on July 23, 1856. He is famous for his renowned quote,” Self Rule is our birthright, and We shall have it!” He was reverently addressed as Lokmanya.
After finishing his college graduation, Tilak began teaching in a private school in Pune and went on to be a journalist. He was really vocal in his criticism of the Western education system and also established the Deccan Education Society to enlighten India’s young people. Tilak founded the Marathi day-to-day Kesari (Lion), in the pages of which he actively circulated the cause of liberty. He joined the Indian National Congress. He was understood for his hardcore Hindu views. In 1907, the Congress Party split into two parts.
The British authorities charged Tilak with treason and he was imprisoned in Mandalay, Burma from 1908 to 1914. He joined the Indian National Congress again in 1916 and also assisted in founding the All India Home Rule League in 1916-18. Tilak did not approve of Mahatma Gandhi’s strategy of non-violent protest. He wrote many publications on Indian culture, background and also Hinduism, examples of which are The Orion or Researches into the antiquities of the Vedas ,Arctic Home in the Vedas, Geetarahasya, and others.