Lala Lajpat Rai, famously referred to as Punjab Kesari, was a well-known freedom fighter of India. He was among the three extremist participants of the Indian National Congress that provided their life for the self-reliance of India along with other two members Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal. They were jointly referred to as Lal-Bal-Pal. These extremist participants of the Indian National Congress desired self-government for India as well as they were the initial Indian leaders to demand the total political freedom for the country.
He was one of the crucial participants of the Hindu Maha Sabha. He was also the President of the All India Trade Union Congress in 1920. He was at the forefront in protests versus the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. He also led the non-cooperation movement in Punjab. Lala Lajpat Rai was extremely influenced by socialist reformer Swami Dayananda Saraswati and also was the staunch supporter of the Arya Samaj movement in Punjab.
He went on to lead the objection against the Simon Commission. Leading the presentation versus the Simon commission, he fell prey to the lathis of the British authorities and also obtained severe injuries. But undeterred by his injury, he talked vigorously, “Every blow targeted at me is a nail in the coffin of British hegemony,” at the conference held very same evening. Though his injuries were healed, he can not recoup entirely and succumbed to his injuries on 17 November 1928.
Aside from being a freedom fighter, Lala Lajpat Rai was a prolific author likewise. Several of his publications such as the USA of America: A Hindu’s Impression and a Research, History of the Arya Samaj: Swaraj and Social Adjustment, as well as England’s Debt to India: A Historical Narrative of Britain’s Fiscal Plan in India find special mention. This leader likewise established the Punjab National Bank as well as the Lakshmi Insurance Company.