Indian sculpture: Indus civilization

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By Gary Todd - This file has been extracted from another file: Bronze "Dancing Girl," Mohenjo-daro, c. 2500 BC.jpg, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78234005

The exploration of statues, figurines of men and women in terracotta, stone as well as steel suggest that people of the area were great artists and carvers. Amongst the stone pictures discovered in Harappa two male statues are notable. Among them, one is artistically embellished while the other is kept naked. The first sculpture is that of a yogi, curtained in a shawl put on over the left shoulder and also under the right arm. His beard is clean, and his eyes are half-closed. The other one is the upper body of a human man. It is a gorgeous item of sculpture constructed from red rock. The arms and head of the figure were sculpted individually and also socketed into openings drilled on the torso.

The Harappan artists knew the skill of bronze production. They utilized the unique lost wax process in which the wax figures were covered with a finish of clay. Then the wax was melted by home heating and also the hollow mold hence developed was loaded with molten steel which took the original form of the object. A figure of a female naked professional dancer was discovered at Mohenjo-Daro. Pendants decorate her breast. One of her arms is wholly covered with bracelets constructed from bone or ivory. Her eyes are significant, the nose is level, as well as the lips, are pendulous. Her hair is entwined, and her head is slightly thrown back. Her limbs suggest elegant lines. Besides the porcelain figurine, bronze figures of a buffalo and a humped bull are extremely artistically designed.

The Indus Valley people exercised sculpture in terracotta. The terracotta figure of the Mother Goddess was found in Mohenjo-Daro. The figure, with a punched nose as well as imaginative ornamentation laid on the body and pressed on the figure, shows the Mother Goddess as the icon of fertility and also a success. Pottery discovered in large amounts reveals that with the potter’s wheel, the artisan generated ceramic of different imaginative forms. The unique clay for this purpose was baked, and also the different styles on pots were repainted. Figures of birds, animals, and even men were portrayed on the jars. Paints on the pots show that these men were similarly efficient painters.

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