Simon Commission

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The Indian Statutory Commission, typically referred to as the Simon Commission after its chairman Sir John Simon, was sent out to India in 1928 to study prospective constitutional reform. In 1930, the Commission released its two-volume record, additionally called the Simon Report. The Simon Commission was sent off to India in 1928 to review the Federal government of India Act 1919. The Commission did not involve any Indian member. Therefore, the Indian National Congress, as well as a part of the Muslim League, led by Mohammed Ali Jinnah, chose to boycott the Commission. Upon arrival in Bombay on 3 February 1928, the Commission was answered with protests. In London, the Indian National Congress planned a demo upon the return of the Commission. The Simon Report was met with dissatisfaction and also rebuked throughout India. The Indian National Congress did not trust the findings of the Commission, and also the Congress boycotted the report. Gandhi consequently began the Civil Disobedience Activity. Mohammed Ali Jinnah made it explicit that the report was inappropriate to Hindus, Muslims and also Indian nationalists. The Muslims took into consideration the report to be reactionary; the executive Board of the All-India Muslim Conference called the Report ‘inappropriate’.

In the wake of the Report, a series of Round Table Conferences were set up from 1930 to 1932. The result of the Commission and the Conferences was the Government of India Act 1935. The Act ended the dyarchy, and also direct elections were introduced. Sind was separated from Bombay, Orissa was divided from Bihar, and also Burma was divided from India. Provincial assemblies were to include more elected Indian representatives, who could lead the majority as well as form governments. However, governors preserved discretionary powers regarding summoning of legislatures, offering assent to bills and administering certain unique areas.

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