At the time when it attained freedom, India was a reliant agricultural economy, yet the state of the Indian farming market was disappointing. From the absence of financial investment, a shortage of modern technology, reduced yield per acre, and also numerous such problems pestered the sector. Therefore the Indian government took steps to bring about the Eco-friendly Transformation utilizing High Yield Variety (HYV) seeds.
The Green Revolution commenced in 1965 with the initial introduction of High Yielding Variety (HYV) seeds in Indian agriculture. This was combined with far better and also efficient irrigation and the correct use of plant foods to enhance the crop. The end outcome of this Eco-friendly Revolution was to make India self-sufficient when it involved food grains.
After 1947 India needed to rebuild its economic situation. Over three-quarters of the population depended upon farming somehow. Farming in India was faced with several issues. Firstly, the performance of the grains was deficient, and India was still food-dependent as a result of the lack of irrigation and also various other infrastructure.
There was likewise an absence of modern-day technology. And also India had previously encountered severe scarcities during the British Raj, who had only promoted cash plants instead of food plants. The concept was to never depend upon any other nation for food adequacy.
So in 1965, the government, with the aid of Indian geneticist M.S. Swaminathan referred to as the father of Green Revolution, introduced this Eco-friendly endeavor. The activity lasted from 1967 to 1978 and also was an excellent success.
HYV seeds had a lot more success with the wheat crop and were highly effective in regions that had proper watering. So the first stage of this Eco-friendly Change was focused on states with much better infra– like Punjab and also Tamil Nadu.
One standard need for the HYV seeds is proper irrigation. Crops from HYV seeds require rotating amounts of water supply throughout its growth. So the farms can not depend upon inconsistent rains. The Green Revolution significantly enhanced the central irrigation systems around farms in India.
The focus of the plan was primarily on food grains such as wheat and also rice. Money crops, as well as industrial plants like cotton, jute, oilseeds, etc., were not a part of the plan
Introduction of innovation, as well as machinery like tractors, farmers, drills, and so on, helped tremendously to promote business farming in the nation.