Secularism in India

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The Preamble of Indian Constitution aims to comprise India as a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic. The terms Socialist and also Secular were included in it by the 42nd amendment. The entire Constitution is summarized in the preamble. It is the mirror of the spirit of the Constitution. The arrangement of words in the preamble is likewise extremely substantial. Indian society is a multi-religious society; it has different caste, faith together with several religious diversity. So, all these are the disruptive factor in some way and can cause a risk to the unity and also stability of the country.

In S.R. Bommai vs. Union Of India (UOI), it was held that “religious tolerance and also the equal treatment of all spiritual group, the security of their life as well as the residential or commercial property of their prayer is an essential part of Secularism preserved in our Constitution. while the residents of this country are totally free to proclaim, exercise as well as prorogate religion, so far as the state is concerned i.e., from the perspective of the state, the religion, confidence or idea of an individual is of no consequence to it, all are equal as well as all are entitled to be dealt with similarly.” Further, the Court, while stressing upon the importance of Secularism, declared it as the basic structure of the Constitution.

In Aruna Roy vs. U O I,” The Court held that idea of Secularism is not jeopardized if the standard tenets of all faiths around the globe are researched and discovered. Value-based education will undoubtedly assist the nation to eliminate against fanaticism, ill-will, violence, dishonesty as well as corruption. These values can be taught if the fundamental tenets of all religions are learned. The Hon’ble High Court has held in Lata Singh vs. the state of U.P,” that caste obstacle in social communications are anti-secular. Inter caste marital relationship will be promoted, secured, and saved by the state to advertise higher nonreligious values. This is likewise a part of the secularization process. The principle of Secularism is not merely a positive attitude of faith resistance. It is also a favorable idea of equal treatment of all faiths.

The state needs to suppress the scenarios which would undoubtedly result in spiritual apathy as well as try to create a balance in spiritual diversities which exists both in an idea and also the method in India. Socio-economic upliftment, development of spiritual harmony, inculcating religious tolerance amongst the people by education and teaching secular values can be some devices to advertise Secularism in the Indian context.

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