In mostly all the Indian languages, the contemporary age begins with the initial battle for India’s freedom in 1857, or near that time. The effect of western people, the increase of political awareness, and also the adjustment in society might be seen in what was created throughout that time. Contact with the western world caused India’s approval of western thought on one hand, as well as the rejection of it on the other, and resulted in an initiative made to restore her old splendor as well as Indian awareness. A lot of authors went with a synthesis in between Indianization and also westernization, in their search for a national ideological background. All these mindsets were integrated to produce the renaissance in 19th century India. But it was a revival in a country which was under foreign dominance. So it was not that sort of revival which had spread in 14th-15th century Europe, where scientific thinking, individual liberty, and humanism were the chief characteristics. The Indian resurrection took a different shape, in the context of the Indian race, moment and scene, and also therefore, patriotic, reformistic and also revivalistic thinking discovered its way right into literary works, which slowly transformed itself into a pan-Indian movement, pioneered in different components of the country by renaissance leaders like Raja Rammohan Roy, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Vivekananda, Madhav Govind Ranade, U.V. Swaminatha Aiyer, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, K.V. Pantulu, Narmada Shankar Lalshankar Dave and also others. The leaders of the renaissance, as a matter of fact, did well in instilling patriotic fervor in individuals, and also caused in them a wish for social reform and even a sentimental yearning for their past splendor.
The most important literary event that revolutionalized literature was the emergence of literary prose in all the modern-day Indian languages, as well as the development of the printing machine, under the support of an Englishman, William Carey, in Bengal. It is true that Sanskrit, as well as Persian, had a vast body of prose, yet the requirement for prose in contemporary Indian languages, for usage in administration and college, caused the introduction of prose in various styles at the start of the modern-day period. The birth of papers and magazines in Indian languages in between 1800 and also 1850 was incredibly crucial for the growth of prose, and even the promoters of Serampore began Bengali Journalism. The introduction of prose as a powerful medium brought a type of adjustment that coincided with the process of innovation.