Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has grown a long way since its development on August 15, 1969. From releasing little rockets of just 30-70 kg payloads to carrying 4,000 kg payloads to the celestial spaces, ISRO has much to celebrate when it pertains to space accomplishments. India’s space exploration started after Dr. Vikram Sarabhai formed Indian National Board for Space Research Study (INCOSPAR) in 1962, a period when ‘space’ as the scientific field had become the next frontier for the humankind. During that time, the USA and also the Soviet Union were leading the space supremacy. In 1969, INCOSPAR was relabelled as ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization). ISRO was developed with a vision to “harness space innovation for nationwide advancement while seeking space science study and worldly expedition.”
On October 22, 2008, ISRO sent out an unmanned lunar orbiter, Chandrayaan-1, into orbit. The spacecraft was revolving around the Moon at an elevation of 100 km from the lunar surface for chemical, mineralogical and also the photo-geologic mapping of the Moon. The spacecraft brought 11 scientific instruments built in India, U.S.A., UK, Germany, Sweden, as well as Bulgaria. After the successful conclusion of all the primary mission objectives, the orbit had been raised to 200 km during May 2009. The satellite made greater than 3,400 orbits around the Moon, and the aim was ended when the interaction with the spacecraft was lost on August 29, 2009.
On November 14, 2018, ISRO successfully released GSAT-29 satellite from Sriharikota, the heaviest satellite weighing at 3,423 kg targets and giving better communication for remote locations of the nation. On July 22, 2019, India launched GSLV-Mk III, India’s 2nd moon mission ‘Chandrayaan-2’. Chandrayaan-2 is India’s very first space mission that will certainly carry out a soft landing on the Moon’s south polar region. The mission will undoubtedly make India 4th nation to the soft-land rover on the surface of the Moon after Russia, America, and China.