The President of India is the Head of the Indian Union. Governmental powers extend both to the Union Government along with the State Federal governments. Consequently in Presidential election not just MPs but additionally MLAs vote. Article 58 of the Constitution establishes the principle qualification one must have to satisfy to be eligible to the office of the President. He should be a citizen of India, is thirty-five years old or older and also qualified to become a member of Lok sabha. The President is elected indirectly. In other words, ordinary citizens play no function in the election.
The President of India is elected by an electoral college consisting of the elected participants of both houses of the Parliament; The electoral college consists of the elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and the Vidhan Sabhas of the states and, the elected members of each union territory having an assembly. The election is by secret ballot according to the system of proportional representation using the Single Transferable Vote System. Every citizen may mark on the ballot paper as several preferences as there are candidates. Therefore the elector will place number 1 opposite to the name of the candidate whom he selects for his very first preference as well as may note as numerous preferences as he desires by placing 2, 3, 4, etc. against the name of the other candidate. The ballot paper is not revoked in case the citizen falls short of marking all choices. It ends up being void; nonetheless, in an instance, if the first preference is marked against greater than one candidate or the first preference is not marked at all.