A couple of crucial features of the Indian Constitution are as follows:
1) The bulkiest constitution of the globe:
The Indian constitution is among the bulkiest constitution of the world, including 395 Articles, 22 parts and also 12 schedules. So far, the constitution underwent more than 100 changes.
2) Rigidity and flexibility:
The Indian constitution is a mix of strength and also versatility, which means some components of it can be changed by the Parliament by a simple majority, whereas some parts require a two-third majority in addition to not less than one-half of the state legislatures.
3) The parliamentary system of government:
The Indian constitution offers a parliamentary system of the federal government, i.e., the actual executive power resides with the council of ministers, and also the President is only a nominal ruler (Article 74).
4) The federal system with a unitary predisposition:
The Indian constitution defined India as a ‘Union of States’ (Article 1), which suggests that Indian federation is not the outcome of any arrangement amongst the units and the states can not secede from it.
5) Basic civil liberties and fundamental duties:
The Indian constitution offers an intricate list of Essential Legal rights to the residents of India, which can not be eliminated or abridged by any law made by the states (Articles 12-35). Likewise, the constitution additionally supplies a listing of 11 duties of the people, called the Fundamental Duties (Article 51A).
6) Directive principles of state policy:
The Indian constitution discusses certain Directive Concepts of State Plan (Articles 36-51) that the federal government needs to bear in mind while developing new strategies.
The constitution makes India a nonreligious state by separating it from religious dogmas (Forty-second Amendment).
8) Independent judiciary:
The constitution provides an independent judiciary (Article 76) which guarantees that the government is carried on based on the stipulations of the constitution and also serves as a guardian of the freedoms and even fundamental rights of the people.
9) Solitary citizenship:
The Indian constitution gives single citizenship for all individuals living in various parts of the nation, and there is no different citizenship for the states (Articles 5-11).
10) Bicameral legislatures:
The Indian constitution gives bicameral legislatures at center consisting of Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and Lok Sabha (Residence of individuals) (Article 79).
11) Emergency powers:
The constitution vests extraordinary powers, known as Emergency Powers in the Head of state (President) during emergencies due to armed rebellion or external aggression or as a result of the failure of constitutional machinery in the country (Articles 352-360).
12) Special stipulations for minorities:
The constitution makes unique stipulations for minorities, Scheduled castes, Scheduled Tribes, etc. by approving them specific exclusive legal rights and provisions.
Primarily those are several of the fascinating features of the Indian constitution. Also, the constitution likewise has many various other attributes such as, Panchayati Raj, the rule of law, Arrangements for Independent Bodies, etc. which are incredibly distinct.