The Non – Cooperation Movement started by Mahatma Gandhi on August 1, 1920, was the first mass activity organized nationwide throughout India’s battle for liberty. Based on excellent non-violence, it promptly caught the imagination of individuals. Many recognized leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Motilal Nehru, Lajpat Rai, Rajendra Prasad, C.R. Das, and so on gave up their legal practice as well as signed up with the movement. Khadi came to be a symbol of freedom activity. Foreign cloth shops and liquor shops were ostracized. Individuals willingly added to the ‘Tilak Swarajya Fund’ which was constituted to finance the non-cooperation movement. In six months, over a crore of rupees were gathered. People observed total ‘Hartal’ as well as boycotted the visit of the Royal prince of Wales.
The people were made persuaded that without non- cooperation, the achievement of Swaraj would undoubtedly be delayed. One of the most noticeable elements of the non-cooperation movement was the boycott of political elections. The Congress did not choose any candidate to contend in the elections to the Councils, which had been transformed under the Government of India Act of 1919. Thousands of voters also did not cast their ballots. The British Government declared Congress as well as the Khilafat organization as unlawful. Leading leaders of the Congress and countless ordinary individuals were arrested and also put behind the bar. Public meetings, as well as processions, were proclaimed unlawful.
In February 1922, Gandhiji served the last chance to Lord Reading, the Governor-General as well as Viceroy of India to withdraw within one week all restrictive regulations failing which he would introduce one more ‘Satyagraha.’ Individuals would be asked not to pay taxes. Before Gandhiji released the suggested Civil Disobedience Activity, the case at Chauri Chaura took place for which Mahatma Gandhi suspended the non-cooperation movement. There was mob violence at Chauri Chaura in the district of Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh. The police opened up fire on a crowd, and also the angry mob attacked and refuted the police headquarters triggering the fatality of twenty-two cops. The news of this incident disrupted Gandhiji. The Congress Working Committee, at his instance, passed a resolution suspending the movement.