The island of Elephanta, the excellent abode of Lord Shiva and also an embodiment of Hindu cave culture, includes seven caves on an island in the Sea of Oman close to Mumbai which, with their decorated holy places and the images from Hindu folklore, bear a unique testament to a civilization that has gone away. Right here, Indian art has discovered one of its most best expressions, particularly in the significant-high reliefs in the main cavern. The island of Gharapuri, the ‘City of Caves’, located about 10 kilometers from Mumbai on the eastern side of the harbor, owes its name to the enormous stone elephant found there by Portuguese navigators. This elephant was cut into items, removed to Mumbai and also somehow created again.
The date of the popular Elephanta Caves is still very much questioned as well as varies from the 6th century AD. to the 8th century AD. according to different specialists. They constitute one of the most striking collections of rock-art in India. There are two teams of caves. To the east, Stupa Hillside (therefore named due to a tiny brick Buddhist monument at the top) contains two caverns, among which one is unfinished, and numerous cisterns. To the west, the larger group includes five rock-cut Hindu temples. The main cave is globally famous for its carvings to the magnificence of Shiva, who is worshiped in different forms and actions. The cavern contains a square plan mandapa whose sides measure about 27 m. The Elephanta Caves are a UNESCO world heritage site.