Communalism is the belief that since a company of people complies with a particular faith, they have, as a result, common social, political, and also financial concerns. It is the idea that in India religious groups like Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs as well as Christians form different as well as unique communities; that all the followers of a religious beliefs share not only a commonality of spiritual interests yet additionally common secular interests; that there is, and can be, no such point as an Indian nation, however just a Hindu society, or a Muslim society and so on; that India can, consequently, only be a plain confederation of religious communities.
Inherent in communalism is the second idea that the social, cultural, financial, and also political matters of the supporters of one religion are divergent from the interests of the followers of another religion. The third phase of communalism is reached when the passions of the followers of different faiths or different spiritual ‘communities’ are seen to be equally inappropriate, antagonistic as well as hostile. Thus, at this phase, the communalists insist that Hindus, as well as Muslims, can not have common nonreligious passions and that their nonreligious interests are bound to be opposed. Communalism developed as a result of the emergence of new, contemporary politics based upon individuals and also on popular participation and mobilization. This process was bound to be hard, progressive, and even complicated. This procedure called for the birth and spread of modern ideas of nation, class, and also cultural-linguistic identity. However, in India, this process has remained incomplete for decades, for India has been for the last 150 years or even more a nation-in-the- making. Specifically, religious consciousness was transformed into collective awareness in some parts of the nation as well as amongst some areas of the people.
The founding fathers of Indian nationalism understood that the welding of Indians right into a single country would certainly be a steady and robust job, needing long term political education of individuals. They, consequently, set out to convince the minorities that the nationalist movement would thoroughly shield their spiritual as well as social rights while uniting all Indians in their standard nationwide, financial, and political passions.