Allan Octavian Hume

By Allan Octavian Hume - Nest and Eggs of Indian Birds,, Public Domain,

Allan Octavian Hume was born in St Mary Cray, Kent, on June 6, 1829. He was the son of a widely known political reformer of England and also a member of the Parliament, Joseph Hume. In 1850 Hume entered the Bengal Civil Service and, unlike various other Government officials, took on the study of indigenous languages. In his early service as a District Collector, he began presenting complimentary primary education and learning and developing a regional vernacular paper, Lokmitra, in Etawah, the town of contemporary Uttar Pradesh. A couple of years after he got here to India, Hume had to face the Indian Mutiny of 1857, during which time he was associated with several military actions.

He was dynamic in his suggestions regarding social reform. By 1857 he had developed 181 colleges with 5186 pupils, including two women. He promoted females’ education, was against infanticide, as well as forced widowhood. Later on, he established scholarships for college and preserved that education would play an essential duty in staying clear of revolts like the Indian Disobedience. In 1863 he moved for different institutions for juvenile delinquents rather than imprisonment. His efforts led to a juvenile reform. Hume outlined in Etawah; an industrial district referred to as Humeganj. The senior high school that he helped construct with his own money is still in operation, currently as a junior college.

Hume’s main benefaction to Indian life was in founding the Indian National Congress (INC). He had long sympathized with those who endured under what he considered incorrect policies. In 1883 he created an open letter to the graduates of Calcutta College, hiring them to form their nationwide political activity. That year a political Seminar was held at Albert Hall in Calcutta. Hume wished to see India devoid of the reactionary administration; however, he did not consider the separation of India from the British Empire.


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