Causes of revolt of 1857 and reasons for its failure


Reasons for the 1857 Rebellion:

1) The British had deserted its plan of non-intrusiveness in the socio-religious life of the Indians with abolition of Sati (1829 ), and  Hindu Widow Remarriage Act (1856 ). Missionaries were enabled to go into India and continue with their objective of proselytizing. The Religious Disabilities Act of 1850 customized the standard Hindu legislation. According to it, the adjustment in religion would not debar a son from inheriting the building of his pagan father.

2) British regulation led to the breakdown of the village self-sufficiency, commercialization of agriculture, which burdened the peasantry, fostering of open market expansionism from 1800.

3) The expansion of British rule in India had detrimentally affected the service condition of the Sepoys. They were required to serve in a location far from their residences without the payment of extra Bhatta. A critical root cause of Armed forces discontent was the General Service Enlistment Act, 1856, which made it obligatory for the sepoys to cross the seas, whenever called for. The Post Office Act of 1854 abolished the free postage facility for them.

4) The last significant extension of the British Indian area took place during the time of Dalhousie. Dalhousie announced in 1849 that the follower of Bahadur Shah II would undoubtedly need to leave the Red Fort. The annexation of Baghat and Udaipur were nonetheless, terminated as well as they were brought back to their ruling houses. When Dalhousie wished to apply the Doctrine of Lapse to Karauli (Rajputana), he was overruled by the court of Directors.

Factors for its failing:

1) The Majority Of the Princely leaders and also huge Zamindars did not support the 1857 Revolt and proactively sided with the British. Their dominances remained devoid of any anti-colonial uprisings

2)By declaring Bahadur Shah as the leader of the Revolt, the mutinous sepoys demonstrated a lack of a societal choice to the British occupation. One foreign power was to be replaced by previous feudal forces. Therefore the masses did not join the Rebellion.

3) The Indian rebels had great courage and will to fight the British opponent; nonetheless, they lacked the innovative arms and also ammo of the British military. The European soldiers were outfitted with the latest weapons like the Enfield rifle while the Indian rebels dealt with the 1857 mutiny mostly with swords as well as spears and really few guns and firearms.

4) There was no preparation amongst the rebels. Various groups pulled in multiple directions. The primary rebel leaders– Nana Saheb, Tantia Tope, Kunwar Singh, Rani Laxmibai, were no match to their British opponents in generalship.


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