Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia was birthed to a family of traders. After the death of his mother when he was two, he was supported mainly by his grandparents, although his father’s devotion to Indian nationalism inspired him during his youth. Lohia attended Banaras Hindu University before obtaining a bachelor’s degree (1929) from the College of Calcutta and a doctorate (1932) from the College of Berlin, where he studied business economics and also national politics.
In 1934 Lohia came to be proactively included in the Congress Socialist Party (CSP), established that year as a left-wing organization in the Indian National Congress; he worked on the CSP executive committee and updated its weekly journal. A fierce opponent of Indian participation on the side of Great Britain in World War II, he was jailed for anti-British remarks in 1939 as well as again in 1940; the latter event led to 18-month imprisonment. With the appearance in 1942 of the Quit India movement– a campaign launched by Mohandas K. Gandhi to advise the withdrawal of British authorities from India– Lohia, as well as various other CSP leaders (such as Jaya Prakash Narayan), mobilized support from the underground. For such resistance activities, he was imprisoned again in 1944.
During as well as after India’s transition to freedom in 1947, Lohia remained to play an active duty in its national politics. At loggerheads with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on several issues, nevertheless, Lohia and other CSP participants left the Congress in 1948. He settled being a participant of the Praja Socialist Party upon its development in 1952 as well as served as general secretary for a short duration. Yet, internecine problems caused his resignation in 1955. Later that year, Lohia established a brand-new Socialist Party, for which he came to be chairman along with the editor of its journal, Mankind. A spellbinding orator, as well as an enthusiastic and perceptive writer, promoted numerous sociopolitical reforms in his ability as Party leader, including the abolition of the caste system, the adoption of Hindi as India’s national language, and more robust protection of constitutional rights. In 1963 Lohia was chosen to the Lok Sabha, where he was noted for his sharp criticism of federal government policies. Although his legislative influence was eventually restricted, his new views, which he revealed in countless magazines, showed motivational to several Indians.