The third emperor of the Mughal Empire, Akbar, after deciding to relocate his resources from Agra to Sikri about 40km away, intended to live there as fast as possible and also collected masons as well as artisans from far-off states to northern India. He monitored with the terrific expectation the process of the building that had begun in 1571. It is said that the emperor himself chose the products, including high red sandstone, and even computed wages as well as prices. Therefore the different centers, such as fantastic palaces, the grand mosque, as well as estates for the high authorities, were finished on the capital of Sikri in a brief period. Shortly after the shift of his court from Agra Fort, which was called Akbarabad at that time, to the new city, Akbar obtained success on a project to the Gujarat region in western India in 1573, expanding his territory. When returning from the successful project, he chose the new city Fatehpur (City of Triumph) Sikri, in celebration of the occupation. Concurrently he constructed the spectacular Buland Darwaza (Great Entrance) in Persian fashion on the south side of the Friday Mosque. This most massive entrance in India was the arch of Akbar, as well as signified the preeminence of the Mughal Empire.
Fourteen years after the start of the building and construction of Fatehpur Sikri, Emperor Akbar went to the northwestern frontier to beat the Afghan army in 1585, he would certainly never look back on Fatehpur Sikri afterward. From the critical point of view, he built a fort in Lahore in Punjab area to make it the new base. Although Fatehpur Sikri became a ghost city, the look of its royal residences even now offers an impression that Akbar had just left only some hours ago. Most of the primary structures of the city are seen to the north of the main road leading to Agra from Gaza. They form the same team and influence of Hindu, Persian, as well as Indo-Muslim practices, which can be seen in their building design. Diwan-i-Am, the Hall of Public Audience, is surrounded by several verandas where the imperial box was placed. This is the usual hall where Akbar, along with his preachers, made use of to listen to the issues and to meet out justice. This imperial box is straight connected with Daulat Khana (Imperial Royal Residence). To the north of this royal building, Diwan-i-Kas (Private Audience Hall) lies. This monolith is known generally for its remarkable primary strategy, which is comprised of a gorgeous center surrounded by around balcony: the ‘throne.’ Other substantial monoliths in Fatehpur Sikri are the Ranch Mahal, whose height of 4 recessed stories resembles a couple of Buddhist temples, the structure of Turkish Sultana or Anup Talao, the palace of Jodha Bai, the abode of Birbal, bothersome ‘stables’ and the caravanserai.
After the abandonment of the city, individuals damaged buildings to liquidate the red sandstone. A multitude of structures made of block and stone were entirely shed. A full-scale historical study, as well as repair, started in 1881, and also preservation was begun under the command of the then governor of India, Lord Curzon.