French Revolution

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The French Revolution was a period in France when individuals toppled the monarchy and also took control of the government. The Reign of terror lasted ten years from 1789 to 1799. It started on July 14, 1789, when revolutionaries stormed a prison called the Bastille. The change came to an end in 1799 when a general called Napoleon toppled the innovative federal government and developed the French Consulate (with Napoleon as leader).

Before the Reign of terror, the people of France were divided right into social groups called “Estates.” The First Estate consisted of the clergy (church leaders), the Second Estate consisted of the nobles, as well as the Third Estate included the citizens. The majority of individuals were participants of the Third Estate. The Third Estate paid the majority of the tax obligations, while the nobility lived lives of luxury as well as got all the upper-level jobs. The French Federal government remained in constant chaos throughout the transformation. At the beginning of the change, reps from the Third Estate established the National Assembly, where they required that King Louis XVI give them specific rights. This group quickly took control of the country. They altered names in time to the Legislative Assembly and also, later, to the National Convention. After the Reign of Terror, a brand-new government was developed called the Directory. The Directory ruled till Napoleon took control. The most dismal period of the French Revolution is called the Reign of Terror, which lasted from 1793 to 1794. During this time around, a guy named Robespierre led the National Convention and also the Board of Public Safety And Security. He wished to destroy any opposition to the change, so he called for a rule of “Terror.” Legislations were passed that said anyone thought of treason could be jailed and carried out by guillotine. Hundreds of individuals were executed, consisting of Queen Marie Antoinette as well as most of Robespierre’s political competitors.

The Reign of terror altered the social and political edifice of France. It put an end to the French monarchy, feudalism, and also took political power from the Catholic church. It brought originalities to Europe, including liberty, as well as flexibility for the commoner as well as the abolishment of enslavement and the legal rights of women. Although the transformation ended with the rise of Napoleon, the concepts and reforms did not die. These new ideas remained to affect Europe and helped to form many of Europe’s modern-day governments.

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