The Russian Revolution occurred in 1917 when the peasants and working-class people of Russia revolted against the federal government of Tsar Nicholas II. They were led by Vladimir Lenin and also a team of revolutionaries called the Bolsheviks. The new communist federal government developed the nation of the Soviet Union. Before the transformation, Russia was ruled by a powerful monarch called the Tsar. The Tsar had total power in Russia. He commanded the military, possessed a lot of the land, as well as even managed the church. Throughout the period before the Russian revolution, life for the working-class people and the peasants were callous. They received little pay, often went without food, and were subjected to harmful working conditions. The aristocrat class dealt with the peasants like slaves, providing a couple of civil liberties under the legislation and also treating them virtually like animals.
A significant occasion resulting in the Russian Revolution happened on January 22, 1905. A Multitude of workers was marching to the Tsar’s palace to provide a petition for better working conditions. They were fired upon by soldiers as well as most of them were killed or harmed. This day is called Bloody Sunday. Before Bloody Sunday, numerous peasants and also working-class individuals respected the Tsar and also believed that he was on their side. They condemned their problems on the government, not on the Tsar.
Nonetheless, after the shootings, the Tsar was viewed as an opponent of the working class, and the desire for change began to spread out. In 1914, the World war began, and Russia went to battle with Germany. A prominent Russian military was developed by forcing working-class and peasant men to join. Although the Russian army had varieties, the soldiers were not geared up or trained to fight. A lot of them were sent out right into battle without footwear, food, as well as tools. Over the following three years, nearly 2 million Russian soldiers were killed in combat as well as almost more than 5 million were injured. The Russian people blamed the Tsar for going into the battle and also for so many of their young men killed. Individuals of Russia initially rebelled in early 1917. The transformation began when several workers decided to strike. Most of these employees got together throughout the strike to review politics. The Tsar, Nicholas II, got the military to subdue the riot.
Nevertheless, a number of the soldiers refused to fire on the Russian people, and the military began to mutiny against the Tsar. After a few days of troubles, the army turned against the Tsar. The Tsar was compelled to quit his throne, as well as a new federal government, took control of the country. The government was run by two political groups: the Petrograd Soviet (standing for the workers and also soldiers) as well as the Provisional Government (the standard government without the Tsar). In October of 1917, Lenin took full authority of the government in what is named the Bolshevik Revolution. Russia was now the first communist nation in the world.
After the change, Russia exited World war by signing a peace treaty with Germany called the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. The new government took control of all markets and also relocated the Russian economy from a rural one to a commercial one. It also confiscated farmland from landholders and also dispersed it amongst the peasants. Females were provided equal rights to those of men as well as religion was outlawed from lots of phases of society. From 1918 to 1920, Russia experienced a civil war between the Bolsheviks (likewise called the Red Army) and the anti-Bolsheviks (the White Army). The Bolsheviks won, and also the new nation was called the USSR (United Soviet Socialist Republic).