Think You Know Indus Valley Civilization? Think Again


The Indus Valley World was an old civilization situated in Pakistan and northwest India today, on the productive flood plain of the Indus River. Proof of religious techniques in this area dates back roughly to 5500 BCE. Farming settlements started around 4000 BCE, and about 3000 BCE, there appeared the initial signs of urbanization. By 2600 BCE, dozens of communities and cities had been developed, as well as between 2500 and 2000 BCE, the Indus Valley People were at its top.

In particular, two cities have been dug deep into at the sites of Mohenjo-Daro on the lower Indus, and at Harappa, further upstream. The evidence recommends they had an extremely created city life; numerous homes had wells and restrooms and an intricate underground water drainage system. The residents’ social problems approached those in Sumeria and even above the contemporary Babylonians and Egyptians. These cities present a well-planned urbanization system.

There is proof of some level of communication between the Indus Valley people and the Near East. The Indus People had a script that remains a mystery: all attempts to decipher it have failed. This is just one reason why the Indus Valley World is only one of the least well-known of the critical very early human beings of antiquity. This writing system’s instruments have been located in ceramic, amulets, sculpted stamp seals, and even in weights and copper tablets.

By 1800 BCE, the Indus Valley People saw the start of their decline: Writing began to go away, standard weights and also actions utilized for the profession and again tax functions fell outside of use, the connection with the Near East was interrupted, as well as some cities were gradually deserted. The reasons for this deterioration are not completely clear. However, it is believed that the drying up of the Saraswati River, a procedure which had begun around 1900 BCE, was the primary reason.


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