Conflict theory states that tensions and problems emerge when resources, conditions, and power are unevenly distributed between groups in society. These problems become the engine for social change. In this context, power can be comprehended as control of material resources as well as gathered riches, control of national politics, and the establishments that comprise culture and one’s social condition about others.
Conflict theory came from the work of Karl Marx, that concentrated on the reasons as well as consequences of class conflict between the bourgeoisie (the proprietors of the ways of production and also the capitalists) as well as the proletariat (the functioning class as well as the poor). Concentrating on the economic, social, and political implications of the rise of industrialism in Europe, Marx thought that this system premised on a powerful minority class (the bourgeoisie). An oppressed majority class (the proletariat) created class conflict because the interests of both were at odds, and resources were unjustly dispersed amongst them.
Within this system, an unequal social order was maintained via ideological coercion, which developed consensus and approval of the values, assumptions, and problems as determined by the bourgeoisie. Marx thought that generating consensus was performed in the “superstructure” of culture, which comprises social establishments, political frameworks, and culture. What it developed agreement for was the “base,” the financial relations of production. Marx reasoned that as the socio-economic problems worsened for the proletariat, they would certainly create a class consciousness that exposed their exploitation by the affluent capitalist course of the bourgeoisie. After that, they would indeed rebellion, demanding modifications to smooth the dispute. Problem theory and its variations are utilized by many sociologists today to research a wide variety of social issues.