Cultural diversity has been present in cultures for a very long time. In Ancient Greece, there were different tiny regions with various outfits, practices, languages, and also identifications, as an example, those from Aetolia, Locris, Doris, and Epirus. In the Ottoman Empire, Muslims were in the majority, but there were likewise Christians, Jews, pagan Arabs, and other spiritual groups. In the 21st century, societies continue to be culturally varied, with most nations having a combination of people from various races, linguistic backgrounds, spiritual associations, etc. Contemporary political theorists have classified this phenomenon of different cultures in the same geographical space, ‘multiculturalism.’ That is, one of the significances of multiculturalism is the coexistence of other cultures.
The metaphors best specify the two primary concepts or models of multiculturalism as how various societies are incorporated into a single culture frequently used to define them– the “melting pot” and the “salad bowl” theories.
The melting pot concept of multiculturalism assumes that different immigrant groups will certainly often tend to “melt with each other,” deserting their cultures and ultimately ending up being taken in into the predominant society. Typically used to define immigrants’ adaptation, this theory is frequently highlighted by the allegory of a shop’s smelting pots. The elements iron and carbon are thawed together to produce a solitary, more robust metal– steel.
An even more liberal theory of multiculturalism, the salad bowl concept defines a heterogeneous society in which people exist side-by-side yet preserve at least a few of their traditional culture’s unique characteristics. Like a salad’s ingredients, various communities are united, yet instead of merging right into a single uniform society, retain their distinctive tastes. The salad bowl theory asserts that people don’t need to surrender their cultural heritage to be thought about by leading society participants. For instance, Iranian Americans do not need to quit observing Ramzan instead of Chrismas to be taken into consideration “Americans.”
Modern societies are defined by people of different races, ethnic cultures, and nationalities living together in the same neighborhood. In modern communities, individuals preserve, give, celebrate, and share their one-of-a-kind cultural ways of life, languages, art, practices, and behaviors. The features of multiculturalism typically spread right into the neighborhood’s public institutions, where curricula are crafted to present youths to the high qualities and benefits of cultural diversity. Though, in some cases, slammed as a type of “political correctness,” instructional systems in multicultural cultures stress the histories and customs of minorities in class and even books.