The timeline for mixing of ethanol in vehicle gas approximately 20% has actually been relocated to 2025, from 2030. This year’s target is 8.5%. The method ahead is to step up use of biomass, farming residue as well as local strong waste as feedstock for ethanol, so as to gainfully decrease crude oil imports, reduced tailpipe emissions and likewise boost our power safety.
Nonetheless, there is a recurring adjustment in the technoeconomic standard in transport and mobility away from the inner combustion engine, as well as towards electrical automobiles, which can only increase. So, while 20% blending of ethanol with petrol can make financial and ecological sense in the present moment, it can not really be a lasting solution to shore up energy supply.
Yet, it is remarkable that ethanol mixing has actually picked up speed recently. Back in 2019, the blending rate was about 5.8%, up from less than 1% in 2014, versus a target of 5%. The aim now is to go with 10% mixing by 2022, by utilizing harmed busted grain, rice straw and also biomass generally as ethanol feedstock, although the bulk of ethanol production today is quite a byproduct of the sugar industry.
And, sugarcane is extremely water-intensive; stepping up cane output is clearly avoidable in water-stressed India. Hence the need to innovate as well as utilize new enzymes to create syngas from biomass that can then be used to make ethanol, or produce hydrogen, the encouraging new sustainable, green, non-polluting power resource of the future. Bioethanol can be a massive economic possibility.
For 20% ethanol mixing by 2025, 1,000 crore litres would be needed, which, at present rates, would certainly be worth Rs 60,000-65,000 crore.