Exclusive Economic Zone

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There are several red faces in South Block over the declaration that USS John Paul Jones had actually accomplished a Freedom of Navigation procedure, “inside India’s special economic area, without asking for India’s previous authorization,” and also the truth that the declaration flags “India’s excessive maritime insurance claims.”

An Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is a sea area prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has unique legal rights concerning the exploration and use marine resources, consisting of energy production from water and wind.It stretches from the baseline to 200 Nautical miles( nmi) from its coastline. In colloquial usage, the term may include the continental shelf. The term does not include either the territorial sea or the continental shelf past the 200 nmi limitation. The difference between the territorial sea and also the exclusive economic zone is that the first confers full sovereignty over the waters, whereas the 2nd is simply a sovereign right which refers to the seaside state’s legal rights listed below the surface area of the sea. The surface waters, as can be seen in the map, are worldwide waters.

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