Badruddin Tayyabji

1) The very first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress party was Badruddin Tayyabji. 2) He was chosen as the 3rd President of the Congress from 1887 to 1888 after WC Bannerjee and Dadabhai Naoroji. 3) In 1895, he ended up being the very first Muslim judge of the Bombay High Court and third Indian to hold such a respected...
Jayaprakash Narayan was an Indian politician, as well as a philosopher. Narayan was enlightened at colleges in the USA, where he converted to a Marxist. Upon his arrival in India in 1929, he signed up with the Indian National Congress. In 1932 he was convicted to a year's incarceration for his engagement in the civil disobedience movement against British...

Nehru Report

In November 1927, the British federal government designated the Simon Commission to examine the functioning of the Government of India Act 1919 and introduce constitutional changes for India. The Commission did not have a single Indian participant, which upset leaders of the nationalist movement. While the British recognized the unhappiness, it did not change the composition of the Commission...

August Offer

Throughout the 2nd World War, the Indian National Congress (INC) leaders were upset with the British federal government for having pulled India right into a war without the authorization of Indians. Lord Linlithgow had proclaimed India to be up in arms with Germany without assessment. France had surrendered to the Axis Powers, and the Allies were experiencing lots of...

Arya Samaj

Arya Samaj, started by Swami Dayanand Saraswati on April 10, 1875, in Mumbai, is a social reform movement. In contrast to some false impressions, it is not religious beliefs or a new sect in the Hindu religion. Swami Dayanand united a variety of concerned members of the culture to remove the ills common within the Hindu Culture in the...
Mahadev Govind Ranade was an Indian social agitator, a notable scholar as well as an establishing member of the Indian National Congress. He was among the first reformers who knocked on the caste system and also untouchability. He advocated social reforms such as widow remarriage, the liberation of females, and the emancipation of the oppressed castes. As a Judge,...

Cripps’ Proposal

From 22nd March to 11th April 1942, Stafford Cripps, a member of the War Cabinet, was sent off to India to talk about the British Government's Draft Declaration on the Constitution of India with Indian leaders from all parties. The Cripps Mission fell short as well as the issue of India's constitution was delayed until completion of the war....
The Non - Cooperation Movement started by Mahatma Gandhi on August 1, 1920, was the first mass activity organized nationwide throughout India's battle for liberty. Based on excellent non-violence, it promptly caught the imagination of individuals. Many recognized leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Motilal Nehru, Lajpat Rai, Rajendra Prasad, C.R. Das, and so on gave up their legal practice as...

Lucknow Pact, 1916

The Lucknow Pact was an arrangement between the Indian National Congress, headed by Bal Gangadhar Tilak and the Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The Congress embraced this arrangement at the Lucknow Session on 29th December 1916. The Lucknow Session was likewise substantial as it combined the moderates as well as a radical team of the Congress. Both...
September 4, 2019, was the 194th birthday of Dadabhai Naoroji, the "Grand Old Man of India," who was amongst the first leaders who raised nationwide awareness in the country. Born in 1825 at Navsari, in present-day Gujarat, Naoroji was a respected scholar with varied interests. His political job aside, Naoroji was a teacher of Gujarati, math, and all-natural philosophy,...
Throughout World War I (1914-- 18) the British government of India passed a series of repressive emergency powers that were intended to battle subversive activities. By the war's end, expectations were high amongst the Indian people that those steps would certainly be reduced and that India would be given a lot more political freedom. The Montagu-Chelmsford Report, provided to...
Satyagraha was a principle introduced in the early 20th century by Mahatma Gandhi to mark an established pacifist resistance to wickedness . Gandhi's satyagraha became a vital tool in the Indian struggle against British imperialism and has been embraced by protest groups in other nations. According to this approach, satyagrahis attain proper understanding into the actual nature of a...

Direct Action Day

In 1946, Muhammad Ali Jinnah proclaimed 16 August as 'Direct Action Day' and asked for Muslims around the country to 'cease all business temporarily.' This was to force the British federal government to yield to the Muslim Organization's (headed by Jinnah) need of separating the nation based on faith, consequently allowing the creation of a Muslim-dominated Pakistan. The state of...
AO Hume established the Indian National Congress during the reign of Governor-General Lord Duffering. Its 1st session was held at Bombay in 1885 under the presidency of W C Banerjee. The Congress split right into two parts-Moderates and Extremists in the year 1907 at the Surat Session of Congress, which was likewise commonly referred to as 'Surat Split.' Differences...
The Komagata Maru was a fuel carrier steamship that had been transformed into a passenger ship by Hong Kong-based business owner Gurdit Singh. It triggered from Hong Kong on April 1914, getting to Vancouver's harbor a month later on with 376 people on board, the majority of them Sikhs. The Komagata Maru was, in a sense, developed as a test...
The Cabinet Mission Plan was a declaration made by the Cabinet Mission as well as the Viceroy, Lord Wavell, on May 16, 1946, which included propositions regarding the constitutional future of India in the wake of Indian political events. The Cabinet Mission had members like Lord Pethick-Lawrence, Secretary of State for India, Sir Stafford Cripps, President of the Board...
Under the mentorship of M.G Ranade, Gopal Krishna Gokhale came to be a member of Indian National Congress in 1889. He got proactively involved with the Indian National Congress, and was the joint secretary for some years as well as in 1905; he was chosen the president at the Benares session of the Congress. The higher education made Gokhale...
Morley-Minto Reform was an additional name of Indian Council Act of 1909, AD which was called after the Viceroy and Secretary of state. It was set up to soothe the moderates. According to this act, the membership of the central and provincial legislative councils was bigger. However, the number of elected posts in these councils was less than half...

Poona Pact

Poona Pact was signed between both champions of the civil liberties of the depressed Classes. The leaders were dealing with an ideological fight for the emancipation of these people. Although divided by beliefs, they were unified in the reason for socio-economic as well as political upliftment of individuals from these classes. On one side of the ideological battle was...

Simon Commission

The Indian Statutory Commission, typically referred to as the Simon Commission after its chairman Sir John Simon, was sent out to India in 1928 to study prospective constitutional reform. In 1930, the Commission released its two-volume record, additionally called the Simon Report. The Simon Commission was sent off to India in 1928 to review the Federal government of India...
Gandhi-Irwin Pact was agreed on March 5, 1931, between Mahatma Gandhi as well as Lord Irwin, who was at the moment the Viceroy of India. It was a political agreement that was authorized before the second Round Table Meeting. Between March 1930 and April 1930, Mahatma Gandhi had launched the Salt Satyagrah or the salt march to generate salt...

Sri Aurobindo

Aurobindo Ghose, also known as Sri Aurobindo is known to the entire world as a terrific scholar, a nationwide leader, and a spiritual expert. He acquired his basic along with higher education from the United Kingdom. His literary quality had been exemplary as well as brought him numerous praises. He came back to India as a civil servant to...

Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai, famously referred to as Punjab Kesari, was a well-known freedom fighter of India. He was among the three extremist participants of the Indian National Congress that provided their life for the self-reliance of India along with other two members Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal. They were jointly referred to as Lal-Bal-Pal. These extremist participants...
In August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi launched the 'Quit India Movement' and also decided to start a mass civil disobedience movement 'Do or Die' call to require the British to leave India. The movement was followed, however, by massive violence directed at train terminals, telegraph offices, government buildings, and various other symbols and also establishments of the colonial guideline. There...
Bhave joined the nationwide civil disobedience movement conducted against the British and was put behind bars with other nationalists. Regardless of these numerous activities, he was not accessible to the general public. He gained national importance when Gandhiji chose him as the very first participant in a new nonviolent campaign in 1940. Following India's independence in 1947 as well as...
The provincial state of Bengal had a populace of virtually 80 million in 1905. The federal government introduced the concept for partition in January 1904, and it took place on October 16, 1905, by Viceroy Curzon. The former region of Bengal was divided into two brand-new provinces-- 'Bengal' (which consists of western Bengal and the regions of Bihar and...
One of the stalwarts of India's independence movement, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, likewise called Lokmanya Tilak took birth in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra on July 23, 1856. He is famous for his renowned quote," Self Rule is our birthright, and We shall have it!" He was reverently addressed as Lokmanya. After finishing his college graduation, Tilak began teaching in a private school in...

Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu was an Indian self-reliance activist, poet as well as political leader. A prominent orator and acclaimed poet, she is typically known by the moniker 'The Nightingale of India.' As a child, Naidu composed the play "Maher Muneer," which earned her a scholarship to study abroad. She ended up being the 2nd woman president of the Indian National...
Recognized for his efforts towards eliminating sati as well as child marital relationship, the 'Father of the Indian Renaissance,' Ram Mohan Roy, was born on May 22, 1772, was presented with the title of Raja by Akbar II, the Mughal emperor. He established the Brahmo Samaj in 1828. He would take place to revitalize the honest principles of the...

Annie Besant

Annie Besant was a prominent British theosophist, females' legal rights protestor, writer, orator and also a supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule. Annie Besant signed up with The Theosophical Society on 21 May 1889, and also became a devoted pupil and assistant of H.P Blavatsky, pledging her commitment to the President-Founder, Col. H. S. Olcott, as well as the...
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is a respected name in Indian politics. An attorney and a political lobbyist, he played a foremost duty during the Indian Self-reliance movement. After independence, he was pivotal in the integration of over 500 princely states into the Indian Union. He was deeply influenced by Gandhi's belief as well as concepts, having functioned very carefully with...
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the most significant freedom activists during India's freedom struggle. He was likewise an author, poet, and reporter. He was a prominent politician of the Indian National Congress and was elected as Congress President in 1923 as well as 1940. In spite of being a Muslim, Azad commonly stood versus the radicalizing policies...
India's history is rich and diverse because of its distinctive blend of ancient civilizations, cultures, beliefs, and ideas. To mention just a couple of the landmarks in Indian history would do grave injustices to the other significant events which might seem unimportant yet left a lasting impact on the history of India today. The Indus Valley Civilization laid the...

Mahatma Gandhi

He was the man that freed India from the clutches of the British. The East India Company had arrived in India around a hundred years before America's independence. By the time America got its independence in 1776, India was entirely under the occupation of the British. In case the British dealt with their American colonies with a step-motherly attitude,...
The struggle for Indian independence was carried on by Subhash Chandra Bose outside the borders of India. Indians were fighting hard to free their motherland from outside. Subhash Chandra was one of the most important among the nationalist leaders of India, brave and youthful he possessed excellent organizing capability. Born on January 23, 1897, at Cuttack town to a...
He traveled to America as a representative of Hinduism and the ancient Indian tradition of Vedanta. However Vivekananda wasn't bound by every formal tie of religion, and to the World Parliament of Religions, he offered a message of brotherhood and the harmony of world religions. This universal message and his dynamic spiritual character won the minds and hearts of...
The beginnings of the Indian independence movement originated in the Indian revolt of 1857. Soldiers fighting for the British Eastern India company's rebelled against British rule. The rebellion was harshly defeated creating a feeling of injustice among the Indian elites. The late 19th Century also witnessed a renaissance of Indian culture and with it a sense of cultural pride....
Jawaharlal Nehru is a significant player in Indian history of the 20th century. There can be no two opinions that Nehru was an intellectual giant, as is borne out by his books and writings. Nehru became Prime Minister of India in 1947 and continued until his demise in 1964. This period of his reign as Prime Minister showed that...