A couple of crucial features of the Indian Constitution are as follows: 1) The bulkiest constitution of the globe: The Indian constitution is among the bulkiest constitution of the world, including 395 Articles, 22 parts and also 12 schedules. So far, the constitution underwent more than 100 changes. 2) Rigidity and flexibility: The Indian constitution is a mix of strength and also versatility,...
The President of India is the Head of the Indian Union. Governmental powers extend both to the Union Government along with the State Federal governments. Consequently in Presidential election not just MPs but additionally MLAs vote. Article 58 of the Constitution establishes the principle qualification one must have to satisfy to be eligible to the office of the President....
The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) is an authority, instituted by article 148 of the Constitution of India, which examines all invoices and expenditure of the Government of India and also the state governments. The Constitution of India caters for an independent office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG). He is the leader of...
The Preamble of Indian Constitution aims to comprise India as a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic. The terms Socialist and also Secular were included in it by the 42nd amendment. The entire Constitution is summarized in the preamble. It is the mirror of the spirit of the Constitution. The arrangement of words in the preamble is likewise extremely substantial....
The traumatic occasions during the partition of India and worries of balkanization made our founding fathers choose an extremely centralized Union. States were offered a distinct legal as well as executive jurisdiction in the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution. Institutions like the Finance Commission, Election Commission as well as High court were developed to guarantee some level of justness...
The Indian Constitution equips the High Court under Article 32 as well as Supreme Court under Article 226 to issue writs for enforcement of any one of the essential rights given by Part III of Indian Constitution. Therefore the power to issue writs is mostly an arrangement made to make available the Right to Constitutional Remedies to every citizen....
The state of Rajasthan very first adopted the Panchayat Raj System in Nagaur district on 2nd October 1959. The second state was Andhra Pradesh. In India, the Panchayati Raj Institutions(PRIs) now functions as a system of governance in which gram panchayats are the fundamental units of local administration. The system has three tiers: Gram Panchayat (village level), Panchayat Samiti...
The President of India is the chief of the executive, legislature and also judiciary of the nation. Article 52 of the Constitution of India affirms that there must be a President of India. Article 53 states that he shall exercise all the executive powers of the Union either directly or with officers subordinate to him. Ram Nath Kovind is...
Election Commission of India (ECI) is a constitutional body that was developed in 1950 to promote the democratic process in India. Headquarters are in New Delhi. It includes three members-- a chief election commissioner and also two other commissioners-- who are appointed by the Indian head of state for six-year terms and cannot be removed from office except by...
The Constitution of India is the ultimate legislation of India. It frames fundamental political principles, procedures, techniques, legal rights, powers, as well as obligations of the government. It conveys constitutional preeminence and not legislative preeminence, as the Parliament does not create. It is created by a constituent assembly, and embraced by its individuals, with an affirmation in its preamble....
B.N. Rau opines, The Directive Principles of state policy are like moral guidelines for the State authorities and are open to the facile critique that the Constitution isn't the place for moral precepts. The inclusion of provisions that is legally not enforceable is, of no practical use to the Indian masses. Dr. Jennings holds that the Directive Principles like...
The Fundamental Duties of citizens were added to the Constitution of India by the 42nd Amendment in 1976, upon the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee which was constituted by the government earlier that year. Fundamental duties apply only to citizens and not to the foreigners. India borrowed the concept of Fundamental Duties from the then USSR. The addition...
Fundamental Rights might well be called the soul of our Constitution. Fundamental rights are universally recognized as essential to human existence and indispensable for social development. The constitution guarantees six fundamental rights to Indian citizens as follows: 1. Right to Equality: Equality implies provision for equal opportunities to persons for their self-development without any distinction of religion, caste, sex, wealth...
Political leaders from the start felt that if there's any chance of retaining unity in India, it should be by remaining secular. This is why Gandhiji had been preaching brotherhood among the different religious groups. Nehru was a strong supporter of secularism. Their efforts couldn't divorce religion from politics instead in politics the vested interests started exploiting caste and...